Hernan Cortes captures the city of Tenochtitlan, Mexico, and sets it on fire.
Emperor Ferdinand II dismisses Albert Eusebius von Wallenstein, his most capable general.
War starts when the Spanish are expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indians under Chief Pope.
The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Austria defeat the French Army at the Battle of Blenheim.
The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia.
The first coin-operated telephone is patented by William Gray.
The first issue of the Afro American newspaper is published in Baltimore, Maryland.
Manila, the capital of the Philippines, falls to the U.S. Army.
British nurse Florence Nightingale, famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, dies.
Adolf Hitler refuses to serve as Franz Von Papen’s vice chancellor.
During the Berlin Airlift, the weather over Berlin becomes so stormy that American planes have their most difficult day landing supplies. They deem it ‘Black Friday.’
Construction begins on Berlin Wall during the night.
A 17 year-old Buddhist monk burns himself to death in Saigon, South Vietnam.
Bomb attack in Beirut during Second Lebanese Civil War kills more than 150 people.
The wreckage of a plane that carried U.S. congressman Mickey Leland and others on a humanitarian mission is found on a mountain side in Ethiopia; there are no survivors.
US Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all emails.
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